Adsorption and photocatalytic performance of Au nanoparticles decorated porous Cu<inf>2</inf>O nanospheres under simulated solar light irradiation


  • Zhao C.
  • Fu H.
  • Yang X.
  • Xiong S.
  • Han D.
  • An X.
Дата публикации:15.04.2021
Журнал: Applied Surface Science
БД: Scopus
Ссылка: Scopus

Аннтотация

© 2021 Elsevier B.V. In this work, pristine Cu2O and Au nanoparticle modified Cu2O (Au/Cu2O) spherical nanocomposites were prepared by a simple redox method at room temperature. The as-prepared Cu2O nanospheres with diameters of 150–200 nm show relatively large surface area. The dye removal abilities of the pure Cu2O and the Au/Cu2O nanocomposites were tested by evaluating their adsorption and photocatalytic activities towards different aromatic molecules (e.g., Congo red (CR), Methyl orange (MO), Methyl blue (MB), Rhodamine B (RhB)). The experimental results indicate that the Au/Cu2O nanocomposites exhibit much superior adsorption and photocatalytic properties to the pristine Cu2O nanospheres. Among the catalysts, 1 wt% Au/Cu2O nanocomposite shows the best removal abilities to various dyes. Besides, the removal abilities towards these dyes are quite different from each other. For deep understanding of the adsorption mechanism, molecular dynamics (MD) caculations were conducted to investigate the adsorption energy of the Cu2O spheres by simulating the porous structure and Au modification. The calculation results indicate that CR and MO are chemically adsorbed on the Cu2O materials while the adsorption of MB and RhB are physical adsorption, which are well consistent with the experimental results. This study demonstrates the porous Cu2O based nanocomposites are promising materials with high adsorption and solar light-photocatalytic performance. In the meanwhile, the underlying mechanism on the superior dye removal abilities of Au modified Cu2O nanospheres were systematically discussed.


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