Enhanced cytotoxicity caused by AC magnetic field for polymer microcapsules containing packed magnetic nanoparticles


  • Zharkov M.N.
  • Brodovskaya E.P.
  • Kulikov O.A.
  • Gromova E.V.
  • Ageev V.P.
  • Atanova A.V.
  • Kozyreva Z.V.
  • Tishin A.M.
  • Pyatakov A.P.
  • Pyataev N.A.
  • Sukhorukov G.B.
Дата публикации:01.03.2021
Журнал: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
БД: Scopus
Ссылка: Scopus

Аннтотация

© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Magnetic hyperthermia (MH) is a perspective tool to treat the tumor while the magnetic material is delivered. The key problems in MH development is to ensure an effective local heating within cancer cell without overheating other cells. In order to do that one has to reach substantial local accumulation of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and/or magnetically sensitive objects with advanced heat properties. Absorbing heat energy for destroying tumor cells can be generated only if there is sufficient amount of locally placed MNPs. In this work, we propose polyelectrolyte microcapsules modified with iron oxide nanoparticles as an approach to tie magnetic materials in high concentration locally. These microcapsules (about 3 microns in diameter) can be readily internalized by various cells. The human fibroblasts uptake of the microcapsules and cytotoxic effect upon the influence of alternating magnetic field (AMF) while magnetic capsules are inside the cells is under study in this work. The cytotoxicity of the magnetic microcapsules was compared with the cytotoxicity of the MNPs while free in the solution to evaluate the effect of bounding MNPs. A cytotoxic effect on cells was found in the case of preliminary incubation of fibroblasts with capsules while the AMF is applied. In the case of MNPs in an equivalent dose per mass of magnetic material, there was no cytotoxic effect noticed after the treatment with the field. It is noteworthy that during the treatment of cells with the AMF, the increase in temperature of the incubation medium was not registered. The morphological changes on fibroblasts were consistent with the data of the viability assessment. Thus, the synthesized capsules are shown as a means for local enhancement of magnetic hyperthermia in the treatment of tumor diseases.


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