Speciation of essential nutrient trace elements in coconut water

  • Alchoubassi G.
  • Kińska K.
  • Bierla K.
  • Lobinski R.
  • Szpunar J.
Дата публикации:01.03.2021
Журнал: Food Chemistry
БД: Scopus
Ссылка: Scopus


© 2020 Elsevier Ltd Coconut water (Cocos Nucifera) is shown to be a source of essential elements present in the form of low-molecular weight stable complexes known for their bio-availability. The total element concentrations were in the range of 0.2–2.7, 0.3–1, 3–14 and 0.5–2 ppm for Fe, Cu, Mn, and Zn, respectively, and varied as a function of the origin of the nut and its maturity. Speciation was investigated by size-exclusion chromatography - inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP MS), and hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) - electrospray-Orbitrap MS. The metal species identified included: iron complexes with citrate and malate: FeIII(Cit)3(Mal), FeIII(Cit)2(Mal)2, FeIII(Mal)2, glutamine: FeIII(Glu)2 and nicotianamine: FeII(NA); copper complexes with phenylanine: CuII(Phe)2 and CuII(Phe)3 and nicotianamine: CuII(NA); zinc complexes with citrate: ZnII(Cit)2 and nicotianamine ZnII(NA) and manganese complex with asparagine MnII(Asp)2. The contributions of the individual species to the total elements concentrations could be estimated by HILIC – ICP MS.

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