Репозиторий Университета

Behavioral impacts of a mixture of six pesticides on rats

  • Sergievich A.A.
  • Khoroshikh P.P.
  • Artemenko A.F.
  • Zakharenko A.M.
  • Chaika V.V.
  • Kodintsev V.V.
  • Stroeva O.A.
  • Lenda E.G.
  • Tsatsakis A.
  • Burykina T.I.
  • Agathokleous E.
  • Kostoff R.N.
  • Zlatian O.
  • Docea A.O.
  • Golokhvast K.S.
Дата публикации:20.07.2020
Журнал: Science of the Total Environment
БД: Scopus
Ссылка: Scopus


© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Pesticides can potentially contribute to the development of numerous neurodegenerative diseases. This study evaluates the effects of a six-pesticide mixture at doses around the no-observed-adverse-effectlevels (0 × NOAEL, control) and 0.25, 1 and 5 × NOAEL on behavior of Wistar rats. After 3, 6 and 12 months, rats were observed for neurobehavioral changes using the techniques of elevated plus maze and universal problemchamber, and the experiment was conducted thrice. The 3-month exposure revealed a decrease in the cognitive ability at the dose of 5 × NOAEL, and a dose-dependent research activity and anxiety. The 6-month exposurerevealed non-monotonic effects on the cognitive ability, with a decrease by 0.25 and 5 × NOAEL, as well as non-monotonic effects on anxiety, withan increase by 0.25 and 1 × NOAEL. A decrease was also observed in research activity at 5 × NOAEL. However, the 12-month exposure resulted to an increase in cognitive ability by 0.25 × NOAEL and in anxiety by 1 × NOAEL, as well as to a dose-dependent research activity. Repeating the trial showed that the cognitive ability increased from one trial to another, while the researching activity decreased and the anxiety increased by 0× NOAEL. In the groups exposed to pesticides mixture, the trends were different, showing that the exposure to pesticides combined with repeated trials, also influence the response of the animals. The resultsdemonstrate the occurrence of several dose-dependent behavioral responses, with negative effects occurring at doses that are considered safe. This study provides novel insights about time-dependent mixtures biology, and an important perspective to consider when conducting risk assessments.

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