Репозиторий Университета

New 20-hydroxycholesterol-like compounds with fluorescent NBD or alkyne labels: Synthesis, in silico interactions with proteins and uptake by yeast cells

  • Faletrov Y.
  • Efimova V.
  • Horetski M.
  • Tugaeva K.
  • Frolova N.
  • Lin Q.
  • Isaeva L.
  • Rubtsov M.
  • Sluchanko N.
  • Novikova L.
  • Shkumatov V.
Дата публикации:01.03.2020
Журнал: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
БД: Scopus
Ссылка: Scopus


© 2019 Elsevier B.V. 20-hydroxycholesterol is a signaling oxysterol with immunomodulating functions and, thus, structural analogues with reporter capabilities could be useful for studying and modulating the cellular processes concerned. We have synthesized three new 20-hydroxycholesterol-like pregn-5-en-3β-ol derivatives with fluorescent 7-nitrobenzofurazan (NBD) or Raman-sensitive alkyne labels in their side-chains. In silico computations demonstrated the compounds possess good membrane permeability and can bind within active sites of known 20-hydroxycholesterol targets (e.g. Smoothened and yeast Osh4) and some other sterol-binding proteins (human LXRβ and STARD1; yeast START-kins Lam4S2 and Lam2S2). Having found good predicted membrane permeability and binding to some yeast proteins, we tested the compounds on microorganisms. Fluorescent microscopy indicated the uptake of the steroids by both Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Yarrowia lipolytica, whereas only S. cerevisiae demonstrated conversion of the compounds into 3-O-acetates, likely because 3-O-acetyltransferase Atf2p is present only in its genome. The new compounds provide new options to study the uptake, intracellular distribution and metabolism of sterols in yeast cells as well as might be used as ligands for sterol-binding proteins.

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