Репозиторий Университета

Novel applications of modification of thiol enzymes and redox-regulated proteins using S-methyl methanethiosulfonate (MMTS)

  • Makarov V.
  • Tikhomirova N.
  • Savvateeva L.
  • Petushkova A.
  • Serebryakova M.
  • Baksheeva V.
  • Gorokhovets N.
  • Zernii E.
  • Zamyatnin A.
Дата публикации:01.11.2019
Журнал: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics
Ссылка: SCOPUS


© 2019 Elsevier B.V. S-Methyl methanethiosulfonate (MMTS) is used in experimental biochemistry for alkylating thiol groups of protein cysteines. Its applications include mainly trapping of natural thiol-disulfide states of redox-sensitive proteins and proteins which have undergone S-nitrosylation. The reagent can also be employed as an inhibitor of enzymatic activity, since nucleophilic cysteine thiolates are commonly present at active sites of various enzymes. The advantage of using MMTS for this purpose is the reversibility of the formation of methylthio mixed disulfides, compared to irreversible alkylation using conventional agents. Additional benefits include good accessibility of MMTS to buried protein cysteines due to its small size and the simplicity of the protection and deprotection procedures. In this study we report examples of MMTS application in experiments involving oxidoreductase (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, GAPDH), redox-regulated protein (recoverin) and cysteine protease (triticain-α). We demonstrate that on the one hand MMTS can modify functional cysteines in the thiol enzyme GAPDH, thereby preventing thiol oxidation and reversibly inhibiting the enzyme, while on the other hand it can protect the redox-sensitive thiol group of recoverin from oxidation and such modification produces no impact on the activity of the protein. Furthermore, using the example of the papain-like enzyme triticain-α, we report a novel application of MMTS as a protector of the primary structure of active cysteine protease during long-term purification and refolding procedures. Based on the data, we propose new lines of MMTS employment in research, pharmaceuticals and biotechnology for reversible switching off of undesirable activity and antioxidant protection of proteins with functional thiol groups.

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