What is the Mechanism of Nitric Oxide Conversion into Nitrosonium Ions Ensuring S-Nitrosating Processes in Living Organisms

  • Vanin A.
Дата публикации:01.12.2019
Журнал: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Ссылка: SCOPUS


© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. Here, I present the data testifying that the conversion of free radical NO molecules to nitrosonium ions (NO+), which are necessary for the realization of one of NO biological effects (S-nitrosation), may occur in living organisms after binding NO molecules to loosely bound iron (Fe2+ ions) with the subsequent mutual one-electron oxidation–reduction of NO molecules (their disproportionation). Inclusion of thiol-containing substances as iron ligands into this process prevents hydrolysis of NO+ ions bound to iron thus providing the formation of stable dinitrosyl iron complexes (DNIC) with thiol ligands. Such complexes act in living organisms as donors of NO and NO+, providing stabilization and transfer of these agents via the autocrine and paracrine pathways. Without loosely bound iron (labile iron pool) and thiols participating in the DNIC formation, NO functioning as one of universal regulators of diverse metabolic processes would be impossible.

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