Репозиторий Университета

Treatment efficacy of arrhythmias and dilated cardiomyopathy syndrome of immune-inflammatory nature using plasmapheresis

  • Kulikova V.
  • Nedostup A.
  • Blagova O.
  • Zaidenov V.
  • Kupriyanova A.
  • Nechaev I.
  • Ragimov A.
Дата публикации:01.01.2018
Журнал: Russian Journal of Cardiology
БД: Scopus
Ссылка: Scopus


© 2018, Silicea-Poligraf. All rights reserved. Aim. To study the efficacy of plasmapheresis as the main type of pathogenic treatment or in combination with immunosuppressive therapy in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCMP) and arrhythmias of immune-inflammatory nature. Material and methods. The main group included 20 patients with arrhythmic myocarditis (with premature supraventricular / ventricular contraction >3000/day, n=3/8, atrial fibrillation (AF) n=9) and 14 patients with DCMP syndrome (enddiastolic volume (EDV) left ventricle (LV) 6,3±0,6 cm, ejection fraction (EF) 33,5±8,1%). The inclusion criterion was an increase of at least 2 types of anti-cardiac antibodies titers ≥ twice. Myocarditis is diagnosed using myocardial biopsy, magnetic resonance imaging, multispiral computed tomography, scintigraphy, coronary angiography. We used a course of discrete plasmapheresis. The comparison group included 26 patients with an arrhythmic myocarditis and 19 with DCMP syndrome (EDV 6,6±0,8 cm, EF 32,6±7,3%), which plasmapheresis was not used. Dynamics was assessed at 6 and 12 months. Results. In groups of patients with arrhythmias and DCMP, a significant decrease in anti-cardiac antibodies titers was observed immediately after plasmapheresis and in control studies (p<0,05). In patients with arrhythmias, a health-promoting effect (a decrease in the number of premature contraction and a frequency of atrial fibrillation ≥75%) was observed in 65% of the main group and 58% of the comparison group. Predictor of plasmapheresis efficiency was a titer of specific antinuclear factor ≥1: 40 (sensitivity — 92,3%, specificity — 71,4%, AUC — 0,813, p<0,05). Methylprednisolone was prescribed to 45% of patients in the main group and 73% to patients in the comparison group (p>0,05) at a dose of 8 [4; 16] and 16 [10; 24] mg per day, respectively, p>0,05. In patients with DCMP in the main group, a significant increase in EF (p<0,05) (up to 41,4±8,2% and 46,3±12,7% vs 39,1±13,7% and 37,2±10,7% in the comparison group) and the distance of 6-minute walking test was obtained. A good effect (increase in EF by 10% or more) was noted in 50% of the main group and 32% of the comparison group. The predictor of plasmapheresis efficacy was systolic pressure in the pulmonary artery ≥28,5 mm Hg. (sensitivity — 100%, specificity — 71,4%, AUC — 0,893, p<0,05). In the main group, methylprednisolone was assigned to 43% of patients, in the comparison group — 89%, p<0,05. The average doses of methylprednisolone in the main group were significantly lower than in the comparison group (8 [8; 17,25] vs 16 [13; 28] mg per day, p<0,05). Conclusion. Positive clinical response to plasmapheresis was noted in 65% of patients with arrhythmias and in 50% of patients with DCMP of immune-inflammatory nature. In patients with different types of myocarditis, plasmapheresis increases the efficacy of antiarrhythmic and immunosuppressive therapy.

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