Modern concepts of central mechanisms in cochleo-vestibular disorders


  • Damulin I.
Дата публикации:01.01.2018
Журнал: Nevrologicheskii Zhurnal
БД: Scopus
Ссылка: Scopus

Аннтотация

© 2018 Izdatel'stvo Meditsina. All Rights Reserved. In the review article are considered the recent data that emphasize the role of cortical disturbances in the pathogenesis of vestibular disorders. The vestibular system not only provides a link between motor and sensory processes, its functions are much more extensive. The experiments conducted in recent years on primates, as well as the data obtained by neuroimaging methods, have significantly advanced our understanding of the functioning of the vestibular system, especially its central parts. The vestibular cortex can be considered as a network of connections between all cortical areas receiving sensory input from the vestibular system, including cerebral zones in which vestibular information affects the analysis of other sensory (i.e. somatosensory and visual) and motor activity. The pathogenesis of vertigo and tinnitus is especially analyzed.


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