Problems of the diagnosis and treatment of compression neuropathy of the median nerve: An analysis of typical medical practice


  • Gilveg A.
  • Parfenov V.
  • Evzikov G.
Дата публикации:01.01.2018
Журнал: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psihiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova
БД: Scopus
Ссылка: Scopus
Индекс цитирования: 1

Аннтотация

© 2018, Media Sphera Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Objective. An analysis of typical medical errors in the diagnosis and treatment of compression neuropathy of the median nerve at the level of the wrist (carpal tunnel syndrome - CTS). Material and methods. Previous diagnoses and treatment of 85 patients with CTS (14 men and 71 women), aged from 36 to 84 years (middle age 62±10.6 years), who underwent surgery in our clinics were evaluated. Results. The wrong diagnosis was made in most of patients (60%). The osteochondrosi s of cervical spine (45.8%) and diabetic polyneuropathy (5.8%) were the most common mistaken diagnoses. Proper neurophysiological measurements using the Phalen’s test and Tinel’s sign were not performed in the majority of patients. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the cervical spine was often unreasonably made, the electroneuromyography was not used. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), vitamin B group were improperly prescribed to the patients diagnosed with CTS. Local corticosteroids injections were not prescribed to most of patients, immobilization of the wrist was not recommended at the early stage of disease and decompressive surgery at the advanced stage of disease. Clinical observation of the patient with long period of misdiagnosing is presented. Despite the long-standing history of CTS, surgical decompression led to regression of symptoms and complete professional rehabilitation. Conclusion. It is necessary to inform physicians about manifestations, diagnostic criteria and effective methods of treatment of CTS.


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