Репозиторий Университета

Comparative evaluation of depressive disorders in women and men

  • Ivanets N.
  • Tyuvina N.
  • Voronina E.
  • Balabanova V.
Дата публикации:01.01.2018
Журнал: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psihiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova
БД: Scopus
Ссылка: Scopus


© 2018, Media Sphera Publishing Group. All rights reserved. Objective. To study clinical characteristics of depression in women and men. Material and methods. One hundred and twenty women, aged from 18 to 65 years, and 67 age-matched men with the diagnosis of recurrent depressive disorder (RDD) (ICD-10 F33) were examined using a specially developed survey. Results. Differences in the clinical picture and course of RDD in women and men were found. RDD in women develops at an earlier age, the number of attacks is greater but remissions are longer. However, complete remission is achieved more frequently in men. Most typical effect in the structure of depression in women is anxiety whereas melancholy prevails in men. Daily mood fluctuations and suicidal thoughts are characteristic of women. Motor retardation and decreased motivation are more frequent in men. Ideas of self-blame, avoidance of contacts with other people, adynamia, persistent sense of fatigue are more common in women. Sleep disorders are equally common in men and women but falling asleep disturbance and lack of sleep feeling are more common in women. Somatic symptoms of depression are generally more common in men as well as concomitant diseases of cardiovascular, respiratory and genitourinary systems. Men are more likely to abuse alcohol and other psychoactive substances. Conclusion. The identified characteristics of depression in women and men allow more accurate diagnosis and treatment recommendations.

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